The Etruscan Library

The Etruscan Library

The Etruscan Art Gallery

Web links Section

Etruscan Names Section)

Etruscan Museums and Archeological Sites


This "Etruscan Library" started off on Ancient Sites (sadly now off-line), and was first compiled by "Tuscus Sempronius" on that site. The references in the original library were used as a nucleus for this new library, and I gratefully acknowledge the previous contributions of Tuscus Sempronius to this project. If you have any suggestions or comments, please email me . I would welcome any recommendations , particularly for newer publications. Web Sites links here are published at the discretion of the author.

General Introductions

Sybille Haynes "Etruscan Civilization: A Cultural History" Paul Getty Trust, Los Angeles 2000
A new and very worthwhile introduction to the Etruscans. Excellent Illustrations (See Bryn Mawr Review)

Larissa Bonfante.(editor) Etruscan life and afterlife : a handbook of Etruscan studies. Warminster: Aris & Phillips, c1986. .

Time-Life Publications.Etruscans: Italy's Lovers of Life. 1995. Lost Civilizations series.
Grant, Michael. 1980. The Etruscans. London: Weidenfeld and Nicholson.
Macnamara, Ellen. 1991. The Etruscans. Harvard University Press.

G. Barker & T. Rasmussen, The Etruscans, 1998

L. Bonfante, Etruscan Life and Afterlife. A handbook of Etruscan Studies, 1986

M. Cristofani, The Etruscans, 1979
Macnamara, Ellen. Everyday Life of the Etruscans. (1987)

M. Pallottino, The Etruscans, 1975
Spivey, Nigel and Simon Stoddart. Etruscan Italy. London: B. T. Batsford Ltd, 1990.
Von Cles-Reden, Sibylle. The Buried People (A Study of the Etruscan world). Rupert Hart-Davis, London. 1955
O. W. von Vacano, The Etruscans in the Ancient World. St. Martin's Press, 1960

Strong, Donald Emrys. The early Etruscans. New York, Putnam, 1968.

Etruscan Art

Brendel, Otto J. Etruscan Art. New Haven and London: Yale University Press/Pelican History of Art, 1995. (See Bryn Mawr Review)

Mansuelli, G. A. The art of Etruria and early Rome. New York: Crown Publishers, 1965.

Richard Daniel De Puma, Jocelyn Penny Small, Murlo and the Etruscans: Art and Society in Ancient Etruria. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 1994 (See Bryn Mawr Review)

Moretti, Mario. The Art of the Etruscans. Harry N. Abrams, inc., New York. 1970.
Bloch, Raymond. Etruscan art. Grenwich, The Pallas Library of Art series. Connecticut: New York Graphic Society.

Richardson, Emeline. Etruscan Sculptures. The New American Library, New York and Toronto. 1966

Richardson, Emeline Hill. The Etruscans, their art and civilization. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1964.

Lawrence, D. H. (David Herbert) Sketches of Etruscan places and other Italian essays. Cambridge University Press, 1992.

Vighi, Roberto. The New Museum of Villa Giulia. Rome: Tipgrafia Artistica A. Nardini, 1959.


Bonfante, Giuliano and Larissa 1983. The Etruscan Language: An Introduction. New York and Manchester: New York University Press. Comprehensive, good bibliography, inscriptions, mirrors, short lexicon, grammar, etc.
Bonfante, Larissa, *Etruscan*. Reading the Past, v. 8. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press/British Museum, 1990 (See Bryn Mawr Review)

Pfiffig, Ambros Josef, Die Etruskische Sprache, Akademische Druck-u. Verlagsansalt Graz-Austria, 1969- German language edition

Campbell, G.L., ed. 1991. "Etruscan." Compendium of the World's Languages, Vol. 1. Routledge. Volume is plagued with errors, but sketch of Etruscan is still interesting and provocative in spite of this. Based on Pfiffig, Ambros


Titus Livius.The history of Rome.Translated by 5 different translators. London: Henry G. Bohn, 1850.

Sprenger, Maja and Gilda Bartoloni. The Etruscans : their history, art, and architecture. Photographs by Max and Albert Hirmer. Translated from the German and Italian by Robert Erich Wolf. H.N. Abrams, 1983.

John F. Hall, ed., Etruscan Italy. Etruscan Influences on the Civilizations of Italy from Antiquity to the Modern Era. Provo, Utah: Brigham Young University Museum of Art, 1996 [1997]. (Seth and Maurine D. Horne Center for the Study of Art, scholarly series.) (See Bryn Mawr Review)

Pallottino, Massimo. A History of Earliest Italy. Ann Arbor University of Michigan Press 1991.

Bloch, Raymond. The ancient civilization of the Etruscans. Translated from the French by James Hogarth. Ancient Civilizations Series. New York: Cowles Book Co, 1969


Banti, Luisa. 1973. The Etruscan Cities and Their Culture. [trans. Erika Bizzarri ]. Berkeley and Los Angeles: Univ. of CA Press.
Bonfante, Larissa. 1975. Etruscan Dress. John Hopkins University Press.
Bonfante, Larissa, ed. 1986. Etruscan Life and Afterlife: A Handbook of Etruscan Studies. Detroit: Wayne State University Press.
Cristofani, Mauro. 1979. The Etruscans: A New Investigation. [trans. Brian Phillips] London: Orbis Publishing Ltd.
Grant, Michael. 1980. The Etruscans. London: Weidenfeld and Nicholson.

Historical Novels

Haynes, Sybille. 1987. The Augur's Daughter: A Story of Etruscan Life. Rubicon Press, U.K.
Waltari, Mika. 1956. The Etruscan. trans. Lily Leino. G. P. Putnam's Sons.

Dated, But Still Worthwhile:

Hamblin, Dora Jane. 1975. The Etruscans. (The Emergence of Man Series). New York: Time-Life Books.
Heurgon, Jacques. 1964. Daily Life of the Etruscans. La Vie Quotidienne chez les Etrusques. trans. James Kirkup. 1961. New York: Macmillan Co.
Keller, Werner. 1974. The Etruscans. A.A. Knopf. Translation from German of popular account by non-estruscologist.
Scullard, H. H. 1967. The Etruscan Cities and Rome. Thames and Hudson/ London and Southampton: The Camelot Press. Recently reissued.
Strong, Donald. 1968. The Early Etruscans. (Life in Ancient Lands series.
Edward Bacon, (ed.) G.P. Putnam. Dated popular account, which does not detract from wealth of detail about geography and climate, history, etc.
Von Cles-Reden, Sybille. 1955. The Buried People. Das Versunkene Folk. trans. C.M. Wodehouse. London: Rupert Hart-Davis.
Von Vacano, Otto-Wilhelm. 1960. The Etruscans in the Ancient World. (Die Etrusker in der Welt der Antike). trans. Ogilvie, Sheila Ann. London: Edward Arnold Publishers Ltd.
Wellard, James. 1973. The Search for the Etruscans. New York: Saturday Review Press.

Two Old Classics Reissued (various editions)

Lawrence, D. H., 1992. Sketches of Etruscan Places and Other Italian Essays. Elsewhere published as Etruscan Places). Simonetta De Filippis, ed. The Works of D. H. Lawrence. Cambridge University Press.
Dennis, George. 1985. The Cities and Cemeteries of Etruria. Pamela Hemphill, ed. Abridged edition. Princeton Univ. Press, NJ.

The Mother of Etruscan Bibliographies

Fay, George Emory. 1981. A Bibliography of Etruscan Culture and Archaeology. [1498-1981]. OCPS: Occasional Publications in Classical Studies, Monograph no. 1. University of Northern Colorado at Greeley. Two volumes: A-J and K-Z. Approximately 5000 entries over nearly five centuries.

Also Refer to Ancient Historical Sources

If you want to have a go at some Etruscan Word processing, try this Etruscan True Type Font. It is designed for PC's, but a Mac version can be provided on request. It comes as a zip file, and requires Winzip.

Etruscan Web Links


This section of the Etruscan library contains links to Etruscan sites. The pages pop up as separate windows. The objective is to categorise the links into different topics.

(Suggest a link by using my feedback link on the Glossary & Educational Resources Section)


The Etruscans
A Good General Site: Follow Larth in his adventures (multilingual)


Etruscan Glossary Online
Compilation and translations from French, Italian and Latin by Rick Mc Callister and Silvia Mc Callister-Castillo. A comprehensive site, which gives extensive comparisons of Etruscan words with other languages. This link is currently (Nov 16 2001)down. I have left it in place in case it is restored.

Etruscan Dictionary by Damien Erwan Perrotin. A nice resource by a Breton author who thinks the French Language is only good for buying bread at the shop. The rest of the website is also very impressive, especially the essay on Etruscan and Mediterranean languages

Thanchvil Cilnei's Language Page
A Review of Etruscan Grammar - a translation from Dutch of Chapter 7 of "De Etrusken Spreken" by R.S.P. Beekes and L.B. van der Meer (Coutinho, Muiderberg 1991).

Thanchvil Cilnei's Page on the Liber Linteus
A Review of Etruscan Grammar - a translation from Dutch of Chapter 4 of "De Etrusken Spreken" by R.S.P. Beekes and L.B. van der Meer (Coutinho, Muiderberg 1991).

Thanchvil Cilnei's - Four Short Articles on Etruscan Language

Etruscan Language page from "The Mysterious Etruscans" (Marce Camitlnas)

Etruscan Vocabulary

The Liber Lintaeus
Gabor Z. Bodroghy's suberb site on the Liber Lintaeus of Zagreb

Etruscan Philology Online
- Mostly in Italian, but excellent for the inscriptions alone. See also the section on Alphabet and the Etruscan numbering system


Etruscan Net
One of the best Etruscan bibliographies on the web.

Art,Artifacts & Architecture

Musei Toscani (list of museums where you can see Etruscan Art)

Museo Gregorio Etrusco I (Vatican)

Museo Gregorio Etrusco II (Vatican)


Thanchvil Cilnei's Etruria

Community Zero Etruria


The Art of the Haruspex
This is an incredibly detailed site on haruspicy, although I don't subscribe to the ritual side of it.

Montovolo: perhaps an Ancient Oracular Centre
Site by Graziano Baccollini. An interesting new theory.

Julia Hayden's - Ancient World Web - Excellent resource - searchable

(a full list of Etruscan deities and their main functions)


Origins of the Etruscans

The Villanovans


InfoRoma - A brief Etruscan page

A Tour guide of Etruria

The controversial "Etruscopolis" in Tarquinia

The Vulci Archeological area Nice pictures, but it misses the point. Vulci was a great major centre of bronze craft. The reason there are no rich finds is that all the tombs were ruthlessly plundered and destroyed in the 19th century, but I suspect they would have rivalled Caere. We shall never know.


Rasenna (French)
En fait c'est le seul site francophone généraliste existant actuellement sur les Étrusques. Ce site inclut la version électronique intégrale de l'ouvrage de Jean-René Jannot, - "A la rencontre des Etrusques,"

Etruskerne (Danish)
Denne hjemmeside er den første danske side helliget etruskerne.

Liber Lintaeus (Hungarian)
Hungarian version of Gabor Z.Bodroghy's site on the Liber Linteus.

(Veio (Italian)

Etruscan Philology Online
Questo sito è indirizzato sia agli studiosi specialisti in etruscologia (sulle iscrizioni etrusche) eccellente!

(Tombe di Cerveteri (Italian)

The Etruscan Portrait (Russian)

The charter and home page of the CDPE

The City of Clusium

The City of Populonia

The City of Volsinii